Smoking

Rebecca M Joseph, Mohammad Movahedi, William G Dixon, Deborah PM Symmons

PH489 / 1522 Clinical-Coded Phenotype

  1. Overview

    Phenotype Type
    Lifestyle risk factor
    Phenotype UUID
    AwrJNTggydekgeQn8geida
    Sex
    Both
    Valid Event Date Range
    01/01/1998 - 10/01/2012
    Coding System
    Read codes v2
    Data Sources
    Collections
    ClinicalCodes RepositoryPhenotype Library
    Tags
    No data
  2. Definition

    Objectives:

    To investigate the associations between smoking status, smoking cessation and hospitalisations for cardiovascular events (CVE) and respiratory tract infections (RTI ) in an inception cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    Methods:

    The study was set within UK primary care electronic health records (the Clinical Practice Research Datalink) linked to hospital inpatient data (Hospital Episode Statistics). Patients with RA were followed from diagnosis to hospitalisation with a record of CVE or RTI , leaving their general practice, death, or 10 January 2012, whichever was earliest. Smoking status (never, current, former) was defined using primary care data and could vary over time. Survival analysis was performed using Cox regression (first event) and conditional risk set models (multiple RTI s).

    Results:

    5677 patients were included in the cohort: 68% female, median age 61 years. The age-adjusted and sexadjusted risks of hospitalisation for CVE or RTI were more than twice as high in current vs never smokers (CVE HR (95% CI) 2.19 (1.44 to 3.31); RTI 2.18 (1.71 to 2.78)). The risks for both outcomes were significantly higher in current compared with former smokers (CVE 1.51 (1.04 to 2.19), RTI 1.29 (1.04 to 1.61)). For each additional year of smoking cessation, the risk of first CVE and RTI hospitalisation fell significantly, approximately 25% and 15% respectively in the adjusted models.

    Conclusions:

    Patients with RA who smoke have an increased risk of hospitalisation with CVE or RTI compared with never and former smokers. The risk decreases for each additional year of smoking cessation. Patients with RA who smoke should be advised to stop smoking.

  3. Implementation

    Implementation

    No data
  4. Clinical Code List

  5. Publication

    • Rebecca M Joseph, Mohammad Movahedi, William G Dixon, Deborah PM Symmons, Risks of smoking and benefits of smoking cessation on hospitalisations for cardiovascular events and respiratory infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis a retrospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. RMD Open, 3(2), e000506, 2017.

    Citation Example

    Rebecca M Joseph, Mohammad Movahedi, William G Dixon, Deborah PM Symmons. PH489 / 1522 - Smoking. Phenotype Library [Online]. 26 October 2021. Available from: http://phenotypes.healthdatagateway.org/phenotypes/PH489/version/1522/detail/. [Accessed 25 July 2024]

  6. API

    To Export Phenotype Details:

    FormatAPI
    JSON site_root/api/v1/phenotypes/PH489/version/1522/detail/?format=json
    R Package

    # Download here

    library(ConceptLibraryClient)


    # Connect to API

    client = ConceptLibraryClient::Connection$new(public=TRUE)


    # Get details of phenotype

    phenotype_details = client$phenotypes$get_detail(
     'PH489',
     version_id=1522
    )

    Py Package

    # Download here

    from pyconceptlibraryclient import Client


    # Connect to API

    client = Client(public=True)


    # Get codelist of phenotype

    phenotype_codelist = client.phenotypes.get_detail(
     'PH489',
     version_id=1522
    )

    To Export Phenotype Code List:

    FormatAPI
    JSON site_root/api/v1/phenotypes/PH489/version/1522/export/codes/?format=json
    CSV site_root/phenotypes/PH489/version/1522/export/codes/
    R Package

    # Download here

    library(ConceptLibraryClient)


    # Connect to API

    client = ConceptLibraryClient::Connection$new(public=TRUE)


    # Get codelist of phenotype

    phenotype_codelist = client$phenotypes$get_codelist(
     'PH489',
     version_id=1522
    )

    Py Package

    # Download here

    from pyconceptlibraryclient import Client


    # Connect to API

    client = Client(public=True)


    # Get codelist of phenotype

    phenotype_codelist = client.phenotypes.get_codelist(
     'PH489',
     version_id=1522
    )

  7. Version History

    Version IDNameOwnerPublish date
    1522 Smoking ieuan.scanlon2021-10-26currently shown